BUILDING BLOCK 5: Linkages between science and innovation actors

The innovation ecosystem is a complex system in which international, collaborative, open innovation models and knowledge markets play an important role (GII, 2012)[1]. The linear model of knowledge transfer must evolve into a model of continuous interaction and linkages between the actors in order to together create added value.

1. Knowledge transfer through R&D-collaboration and contract research

Through contract research and scientific services, there is an increasing interaction between knowledge institutions and companies. To map such collaboration, one can look at the share of R&D expenditures performed by institutions of higher education and the share of R&D expenditures by public research centres (imec, VIB, Flanders Make, VITO, ILVO...) financed by private actors. Industry-funded R&D is expected to primarily address the more short-term research needs of industry.

  • INDICATOR 13: Share of HERD privately financed

  • INDICATOR 14: Share of GOVERD privately financed

2. Encourage collaboration among different S&I-actors

Increased entrepreneurship and collaboration are the key elements for a better throughput of science into potential commercial or non-for-profit applications. Successful entrepreneurship is increasingly dependent on a company's capacity for external collaboration. Networks should create these conditions to encourage innovation and valorisation. Due to the knowledge explosion and the increasing complexity of innovation processes, individual players do not always have the necessary competencies/knowledge in-house (Soete report II).

  • INDICATOR 15: Share of cooperating innovation companies

    • INDICATOR 15a: Share of cooperating innovation companies, per type of partner